Hemp, known in other languages as asa, hanf, hamp, chanvre, bhang, canamo, kannab or cannabis, is thought to be one of the earliest plants cultivated for the production of a textile fibre. The two most widely utilised parts of the hemp plant are the seeds and the stalk.
Modern Uses of Industrial Hemp.
Paper: Hemp paper does not need chlorine bleach in its manufacturing, does not yellow and lasts a long time, making it ideal for use in cigarette paper and bibles. Hemp’s long, strong fibres also make it ideal for making durable cardboard and packaging. One acre of hemp can provide as much as four times as much pulp as an acre of trees, on a sustainable basis
• Environmentally friendly paper
• Cigarette papers
Energy & Environmental Products: Hemp produces a large amount of biomass, which can be converted into ethanol to be used as fuel as an environmentally friendly alternative to toxic petro-chemicals. The by-products from this process include foods, animal feeds, biochemicals, liquid fuels, organic chemicals and various materials, making it a much more attractive option to oil refineries.
• Ethanol/ Biofuel
• Erosion Control Blankets
Textiles: Hemp fibre is one of the strongest, longest and most durable vegetable fibres. Hemp fabrics have superior qualities such as UV resistance, distinctive feel, antibacterial properties, and breathability. Hemp fibre can be spun as smooth as silk or as coarse as burlap.
Technical Textiles: Hemp fibre is prized for its strength, length and durability and makes outstanding twine, ropes and fibre-mats.
New Use Industrial Products: Hemp fibre is used in industrial products for both its technological and ecological benefits. One of the biggest markets currently is the automobile industry, where hemp fibre is replacing fibreglass in interior panels.
- Biocomposites – materials made by nature or synthetically that include some type of natural material in their structure.
- Geotextiles – permeable fabrics which, when used in association with soil, have the ability to filter, reinforce, separate, protect or drain.
- Nonwovens – a sheet or web structure bonded together by entangling fibre or filaments mechanically, thermally or chemically.
- Pultrusion – an automated process for manufacturing composite materials into continuous, constant cross-sectional profiles.
- Compression Moulding – compressing materials containing a temperature-activated catalyst in a heated matched metal die using a vertical press.
Hurd (Woody Core):
Building Materials: Hemps applications in the building industry range from a strong, light and durable cement, when mixed with lime, to environmentally friendly insulation, to an input for fibreboard.
Industrial Products: Due to its high absorbency rate and quick decomposition, hemp has several applications as an industrial product.
- Animal Bedding
- Boiler Fuel
- Chemical Absorbent
Hemp Nut (Seed):
Hemp Seed: The hemp seed contains only trace amounts, less than 10 parts per million, of THC, the psychoactive ingredient found in marijuana.
Foods: The hemp seed is one of nature’s most perfect sources of nutrition. The hemp seed contains up to 25% high-quality protein with all eight essential amino acids, including Omega 3 and Omega 6, in the correct proportions for the human body’s needs. Hemp seed is beneficial for people with nutrition-blocking diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.
- Health Bars
- Ice Cream
- Protein Powder
Seed Cake: After pressing the hemp seed for oil, the remaining solids are still very nutritious for both humans and animals.
- Protein-Rich Flour
- Animal Feed
Foods: The Essential Fatty Acids found in hemp oil act as the lipids in the membranes of all body cells, help avoid the build-up of plaque in the arteries, and are beneficial to the immune system. Hemp oil has a delicious nutty flavour.
- Salad Oil
- EFA Food Supplement
- Sauté Oil
Bodycare: Hemp oil is rich in Essential Fatty Acids and gets absorbed through the skin, replenishing the lipids that have been damaged by the sun or dry air. It does not leave an oily residue on the skins surface.
- Hand Cream
- Lip Balm
Technical Products: Hemp oil is known for penetrating into wood and leather and preserving it, and is good as a “drying” oil in paints and inks. Hemp oil is also a non-toxic alternative to many petro-chemical products.
- Leather Care
- Oil Paints
- Printing Ink
- Diesel Fuel