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Introduction

Introduction To Cannabis

Cannabis oil is extracted from the cannabis plant, and contains mixtures from over 300 different cannabinoids and terpenes. They are incredibly beneficial in treating pain, inflammation, anxiety, nausea and vomiting, and muscle spasms. THC is psychoactive, and CBD is anti-psychotic. But, a blend containing more CBD and less THC is non-psychoactive and very useful medication.

Medical grade cannabis oil can be taken in the form of capsules, tinctures, oils, suppositories, dermal patches, oral sprays, vaporising oils and edibles.

The Entourage Effect

Research today has found that cannabis compounds perform better when using them together. There are endless possibilities of terpene profiles which can act in synergy, adding to the effects. Or, antagonistically the effects inhibit each other.

Medical cannabis has over 500 naturally occurring compounds (cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids). They can be used medically in conjunction with each other. They are resulting in terpenes and cannabinoids interacting with the most benefits.

Terpenes (C5H8) are organic molecules which interact in nature for certain odours, hormones, steroids, pigments, vitamins, resins and essential oils. Not only do they have many circulatory and muscular effects, but some of them also interact with neurological (Cannabinoid) receptors. In contrast, others alter the permeability of cell membranes and allow in either more or fewer cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids And The Endocannabinoid System In The Human Body

Endocannabinoids are part of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a biological system that moderates several physiological and cognitive processes, contributing to a healthy immune system. The analogous forms of CBD and THC produced in your body are called Anandamide and 2AG, respectively. These processes include fertility, appetite, moods, pain sensation, memory and hormones.

Endocannabinoids are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptor proteins. These are discharged throughout the central nervous system, brain and peripheral nervous system.

Cannabis contains at least 113 cannabinoids which trigger the endocannabinoid receptors, especially CB1 and CB2, in various parts of the body. CBD binds to the CB2 receptors while THC clings to the CB1 receptors. The ECS helps maintain homeostasis in the body and manages several diseases. This explains why taking cannabinoids help to control disease as they cooperate with the endocannabinoid system, mimicking different endocannabinoids.

CB1 receptors are found mainly in the brain, liver, intestines and central and peripheral nervous systems and affect memory, pain, stress, appetite and sleep. CB2 receptors are found mainly in the immune system and control inflammation and tissue injury.

Healing Properties THC And CBD

More people are turning to medical-grade cannabis oil to treat their respective illnesses.

Mothers are treating children with epilepsy, while others are breaking away from pharmaceutical drugs and their harsh side effects. All of them are using non-invasive, yet very effective, cannabis oils and tinctures to self-medicate a multitude of issues successfully.

Recent research is finding that cannabinoids in cannabis can be used medically to treat pain, nausea, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis muscle spasms, seizures caused by epilepsy, and trauma. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds which are being used even now to decrease brain damage associated with Alzheimer’s Disease, and to slow down the spread of cancer by targeting cancerous tumours.

Cannabinoids bind to cells with help from two groups of molecules called receptors. CB1 receptors occur mostly in the brain, where new memories are created and where the pain is perceived. CB2 receptors are found mainly in the immune system, which stimulates inflammation if there is any disease of the body.

THC tends to bind with CB1 receptors in the brain, reducing the release of various signalling molecules, including dopamine. This explains the high people feel when taking THC. The THC also stimulates appetite, overpowers nausea and interrupts the spread of pain signals. THC can also be used to disturb the growth of cancer cells as it binds to the CB2 receptors on these cells, thereby not affecting the healthy cells at all.

Cannabis has so many positive healing properties it is very difficult to list all of them here. But we will list some of the many benefits of using cannabis and how cannabis can boost your health. Cannabis oil, packed with healing cannabinoids and terpenes, is an alternative medical therapy which can heal common disorders and chronic diseases.

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